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Major Events

  • Date:2019-02-27
  • Update:2020-04-20
  • Department:IOT

  The Institute of Transportation, Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC), as the think tank of MOTC, aims to achieve “professional leadership and pursuit of excellence” as its mission and is responsible for researching and drafting transportation policies, consolidating and coordinating transportation polices and leading the R&D orientation of the transportation science. The 4 phases of “Overall Regional Transportation Planning of Taiwan” completed as of 1986 and the 4 editions of “Transportation Policy White Book” proposed as of 1995 substantially guided the infrastructure development orientations of this country’s various transportation departments/division. The national transportation development milestones which the Institute has achieved since its establishment in 1985 are summarized as follows:

Name of Achievement Date of Achievement Contents
Organize the 44th APEC Transport Working Group Meeting April 2017  The Institute held the "44th APEC Transport Working Group Meeting" at the Taipei International Convention Center from April 25 to 28, 2017. A total of 237 representatives of transportation experts and international organization members (183 from abroad and 54 locals) from 17 members and 1 observer nations attended the workshops for individual expert groups and sub-groups of the aviation transport, maritime transport, ground transport, composite transport, and intelligent transport. Lately, this is the largest one in its class in terms of number of attendees (294 experts from abroad and domestic and 57 meeting clerks) along with 19 presentations and 2 program proposals. Member countries are quite impressed by the vitality and efficiency of the transportation sector as well as the rigorous attitude of the meeting secretariat. Solutions reached in individual workshops have been the reference used by individual APEC ministerial meetings and member nations in driving their respective transport policies.
Finish the "Commercial port total development program (2017-2021)" November 2016  As instructed by the Executive Yuan in 1995, the MOTC has been making the commercial port total development strategy and positioning plan every 5 years in terms of national port policy guidelines to allocate port resources and improve port competitiveness. Entrusted by the MOTC, this Institute have made each program since then. The 5th one made in 2016, the commercial port total development program (2017-2021), set up the development objective, strategy, and execution measures of our international commercial port as well as domestic commercial ports' development position and strategy. The approved one by the Executive Yuan in November 2016 has been distributed to the Department of Aviation and Navigation, Maritime Port Bureau, and Taiwan International Ports Corporation, Ltd. as the reference for their development and construction planning for international and domestic commercial ports in the next 5 years.
Complete "White Paper on Transportation Policy of motorcycle" 2016 This Institute was instructed by MOTC to shape up the "White Paper on Policy of motorcycle." Based on the traffic "governance" concept, this Institute incorporates the viewpoints and opinions of a wide range of stakeholders and focuses at a systematic scooter traffic promotion policy to address the issues of a "friendly driving environment," "control speed risk," "improve driving ability" and "opt multiple vehicles." The outcome has been submitted to the MOTC and it has instructed relevant authorities to develop short-term and readily executing the action plans for implementation. The goal is to align with the community for joint enforcement to reach the vision of "yielding and safe scooter environment" set by the white paper.
Put forward the traffic control measures of "Bus exclusive lane along with main line instrument control for Freeway No. 5" Proposed in August 2015
Implement phase 1 on 2016.01.01
Implement phase 2 on 2016.05.07 
In order to make Freeway No. 5 remain competitive under a relaxed ramp control strategy, this Institute proposed the measure of a "Bus exclusive lane along with main line instrument control for Freeway No. 5" in August 2015. It was then approved by the Deputy Minister and circulated to the Freeway Bureau for execution. Phase 1 of the program was executed by the Freeway Bureau on 2016.01.01 and the phase 2, which gives buses even longer distance of priority driving, on 2016.05.07. Execution statistics suggest that in peak hours the light vehicles enjoy about the same driving time and jam on main line and ramp while their bus counterpart gained a 20 minutes cut in driving time. This not only improves the attractiveness of public transport but also eases up drivers' physical and mental conditions and operators' vehicle scheduling.
Planning and establishment of Cycling Route No.1 2015 In order to respond to the energy-saving and carbon-reduction policy and lead the green mode biking trend, the Institute has started to work out the overall planning of national cycling routes and helped the inter-ministerial cooperation between MOTC and Sports Administration of Ministry of Education and various county/city governments throughout the nation since 2014. Finally, the 1st cycling route in Taiwan, “Cycling Route No. 1”, was completed at the end of 2015, totaling 1,203KM in length (consisting of the main line totaling 968KM in length and circle line totaling 235KM in length), with exclusive signs and markings alongside the route, in addition to the 11 bus stations for Taiwan Railways and Taiwan High Speed Rail and 122 depots. Since the activation of the Route, it has won recognition from many domestic/foreign bikers and also provided the public with a chance to getclose to mother nature and strengthen their physique.
Complete the “Surface Public Transport Diversification Promotion Plan.” December 2014 In order to sound the public transport development in an institutionalized and systematic manner, MOTC has initiated the 
”Surface Public Transport Development Plan (2010~2012)," "Surface Public Transport Upgrading Plan (2013~2016)” and “ Surface Public Transport Diversification Promotion Plan (2017~2020).” The Institute is responsible for researching and drafting said plans and striving for budget from Executive Yuan. The Directorate General of Highways (DGH) is authorized to execute the plans. Until the end of 2016, about NT$25 billion has been spent in completing the first two plans to promote the surface public transport development. The two plans were considered the largest scale surface public transport reconstruction campaigns in the history of Taiwan, which solicited all nationals’ participation and regional equilibrium. Upon promotion of the plans, the basic civil transport was maintained in rural areas and service quality was improved significantly, including updating of bus equipment and addition of bus stops, bus stations, Real-Time Bus Information System and Electronic Ticketing System, so that a fair public transport traveling environment was founded continuously. The main results (comparing 2015 with 2009) include the following: passenger capacity of the surface public transport growing by 18%, average age of passenger bus reducing by 4.2 years, step entrance ratio attaining 47.3%, market share of public transport attaining 16% andDecember 2004 satisfaction of public transport service attaining 91.4%, which hit the record historically in the past six years. The carbon emission caused by the public transport development was reduced by 190,000 tons, approximately equivalent to the annual carbon absorption volume of 513 Da An Forest Parks.
Complete the “Aboriginal Township (District) Traffic Improvement Plan.” December 2014 In 2012, the resolution on a motion submitted by the Transportation Committee, Legislative Yuan demanded that the Council of Indigenous Peoples, the Directorate General of Highways (DGH) and Soil and Water Conservation Bureau, Council of Agriculture should “thoroughly investigate the status of roads in mountain areas, farm roads and industrial roads” and should prepare a budget for thorough improvement of “dangerous roads.” Therefore, MOTC ordered the Institute to research and draft the Aboriginal Township (District) Traffic Improvement Plan to maintain the driving safety and upgrade the transportation service level in the mountain areas. The Institute invited related entities to form the “Aboriginal Township (District) Traffic Improvement Planning Taskforce” and completed the “Aboriginal Township (District) Traffic Improvement Plan” in December 2014. As a result, a total of 111 traffic improvement plans for 23 townships (districts) were selected and included, costing the total budget in the amount of NT$336 million and promoted by the Directorate General of Highways In 2012, the resolution on a motion submitted by the Transportation Committee, Legislative Yuan demanded that the Council of Indigenous Peoples, the Directorate General of Highways (DGH) and Soil and Water Conservation Bureau, Council of Agriculture should “thoroughly investigate the status of roads in mountain areas, farm roads and industrial roads” and should prepare a budget for thorough improvement of “dangerous roads.” Therefore, MOTC ordered the Institute to research and draft the Aboriginal Township (District) Traffic Improvement Plan to maintain the driving safety and upgrade the transportation service level in the mountain areas. The Institute invited related entities to form the “Aboriginal Township (District) Traffic Improvement Planning Taskforce” and completed the “Aboriginal Township (District) Traffic Improvement Plan” in December 2014. As a result, a total of 111 traffic improvement plans for 23 townships (districts) were selected and included, costing the total budget in the amount of NT$336 million and promoted by the Directorate General of Highways (DGH), Soil and Water Conservation Bureau, Council of Agriculture and Council of Indigenous Peoples pursuant to related plan subsiding mechanism, subject to attributes of the roads. Until the end of 2016, among the 34 sub-plans for the road system, 11 sub-plans have been completed, and one sub-plan was closed as a disaster restoration case, while the other 22 sub-plans are underway. Among the 6 sub-plans for farm roads, one sub-plan was consolidated into the characteristic road improvement program of the Council of Indigenous Peoples, one sub-plan was completed, and 3 out of the remaining 4 sub-plans were completed, while the other one sub-plan is underway. Among other 69 sub-plans (including tribes’ connection roads, access roads, and townshiPromulgate the Communication Protocol of Urban Traffic Control System Version 3.0 and complete R&D of the standardized control core softwarep/district roads, et al.), 14 sub-plans were included into the “2014 Aboriginal Tribe Characteristics Road Improvement Plan” and 52 out of the remaining 55 sub-plans were completed, while the other 3 sub-plans are underway.
Complete the “Overall Development Planning for Ports in Territories of Taiwan (2012~2016)”. December 2011 In order to construct the overall development orientation of ports in Taiwan, allocate harbor resources effectively and upgrade the competitiveness of Taiwan’s ports, per Executive Yuan’s instruction, MOTC has carried out the “Port Overall Development Planning” once per five years since 1995. Until 2016, the Institute has completed 5 host port overall development objectives and strategies, and Maritime Port Bureau and Taiwan International Ports Corporation, Ltd (formerly known as the “Taiwan International Ports Office”) were assigned to research and draft the future development and construction plans for domestic and international ports.
Complete the “e-IOT.” December 2004 Considering that real-time traffic information service constitutes a very aspect of the ITS, it may be accessible and exploitable by the public most readily. Upon authorization of the Executive Yuan, the Institute included the “e-IOT” Program into the “Challenge 2008 Six-Year National Development Plan - e-Traffic.” The Program gathers and integrates the real-time information about roads and public transportation means throughout the nation accessible by the public and also governs the establishment of XML and regulations for accessing and managing information and provides the industry-academe-government-research circles with information interface and value-added application to facilitate the booming development of domestic traffic information service and application. After the system has gone live since 2004, a total of 291 applicants have applied for the value-added application under the Program. For the time being, 59 applicants are still accessing the service.
Promulgate the Communication Protocol of Urban Traffic Control System Version 3.0 and complete R&D of the standardized control core software 2004 In order to establish the standardized urban traffic control environment based on the Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) in Taiwan, the Institute helped MOTC promulgate the Communication Protocol of Urban Traffic Control System Version 3.0 in 2004 and completed the R&D of standardized control core software at the same time. Said standardized communication protocol and software, with aid from the promotion of intelligent transportation by MOTC, provide various county/city governments with the value-added application to help the various counties/cities throughout the nation establish the intelligent traffic management and traffic information service environment rapidly and expand the environment via the standardized communication protocol. Promotion of the standardized communication protocol and software not only founded the intellectual transportation in Taiwan but also expanded the intelligent transportation industry energy and upgraded the technology level thereof at the same time.
Complete the establishment of “New Century E-Map for Taiwan's Road Network” April 2003 In order to meet the need for development of the ITS and GIS application, MOTC has instructed the Institute to establish the E-Map for Taiwan’s Road Network since 2000 and to keep maintaining, updating and releasing of the E-Map since 2002. In 2010, a total of 9 maps have been released, and the information about more than 6M road network of Taiwan, Penghu, Kingmen and Matzu has been completed, including roads, railways, MRT, administrative districts, rivers and lakes and landmarks, et al. Since 2011, the map has been transferred to the Management Information Center of the MOTC for maintenance and update, which serves to be the most important source of the basic road network maps developed by the domestic GIS. Establishment of the map has effectively mitigated waste of resources by repeated establishment of the traffic road network maps by public and private sectors, and also accelerated the intelligent transportation system service promoted domestically.
Complete the “Integration of Dynamic Bus Information System” November 2002 In order to upgrade domestic bus transportation service quality, the Institute integrated the GPS and information communication technology to start promoting the plan for the dynamic bus information system establishment plan in Taiwan officially. Since November 2002, the plan has completed the overall establishment of dynamic bus information system in Taiwan in steps through rental and physical establishment of the system. Meanwhile, in order to deal with the need for open data and the increasingly prevailing smart phone APP services, the Institute also completed definitions of the forms of open data for domestic dynamic bus information system and thereby had significant effects on and contributions to the provision of dynamic bus information APP services in smart phones domestically. For the time being, the dynamic bus information is available at the bus stops in urban and rural areas domestically and very helpful for upgrading the bus service quality and capacity significantly.

Complete the “planning and research of integration and application on the Public Transportation Fare Collection System”

May 1997 In order to apply the new technology to the transportation system to upgrade efficiency of transportation effectively, enhance transportation safety, reduce consumption of energy and protect living environment, the Institute completed the “Study on Feasibility of Upgrading of Transportation System Technology and Efficiency by Smart Cards in Taiwan” in 1995, as the pioneer engaged in R&D of IC cards in domestically. As a result, Taiwan Area National Expressway Engineering Bureau, Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau, Chunghwa Telecom, the Ministry of Science and Technology, Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI), Institute for Information Industry, and various colleges/universities started to engage in the R&D of IC cards. In 2016, the ETC has enrolled 6,700,000 customers. In 2016, the Electronic Ticketing System has been accessed by more than 86,000,000 users per month.
Promote the Bridge Maintenance Management for Preparedness in Taiwan 1995 In order to enhance bridge management and passengers’ safety, the Executive Yuan instructed MOTC to establish the bridge safety management system in May 1995. Upon exploration and research, the Institute developed and completed the “Taiwan Bridge Management Information System” in 1999, which was allowed to be accessed by Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau, Directorate General of Highways, Taiwan Railways Administration, and various county/city governments in 2000. The Institute also convened and implemented the National Bridge Maintenance Management Task Evaluation in 2004 to urge various units to value the bridge safety maintenance. In 2016, for 30,000 bridges throughout the nation, the test rate by county/city governments increased from 16% to 99.8%, and the maintenance rate increased from 14.1% to 66.3%.
Complete the “Sun Yet-sen National Freeway Ramp Metering Control in Long Holidays” November 1994 In order to improve the serious traffic jam on freeways during long holidays, the Institute introduced the ramp metering control method to adjust the number of vehicles entering into the national freeways, so that the main freeways may keep the capacity distributable. Upon the Institute’s research on said policy and on-site drill, the north expressway control drill was carried out on October 13, 1993. Then, the control will be officially implemented in the long holidays of the Double Tenth Day. The Institute compiled the information about the ramp metering control operations performed on the Double Tenth Day, Taiwan’s Restoration Day, Birthday of President Chiang Kai-shek and Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Birthday of the given year and the results thereof. As a result, the information indicated that the average speed on the main freeways was upgraded by 30KM/hr. or more. In 1994, the Institute complied and submitted a “review and technique transfer report on Sun Yet-Sen National Freeway ramp metering control in long holidays”, and transferred the operations to Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau in 1994. Now, the ramp metering control becomes an effective measure to manage the traffic on freeways in long holidays or during rush hours or normal hours on weekdays.
Manage Taiwan’s participation in APEC for transportation issues for 25 years Since 1992 until now Taiwan joined the APEC in the name of Chinese Taipei in 1991. In order to manage the relevant issues, MOTC designated the Institute’s Director-General to act as the general coordinator and coordinator for Transportation Working Group (TPT-WG) for APEC to manage Taiwan’s participation in APEC Transportation Ministerial Meeting (TMM) and APEC Transportation Working Group (TPT-WG) meetings TMM has held a total of 9 meetings so far. The Institute coordinated related units to research on the participation in motions proposed at bilateral meetings and manage the group’s affairs. The Minister of Transportation and Communications took the chance to exchange opinion on the bilateral concerns with the transportation ministers from the other member states of APEC such an official international occasion. TPT-WG has held a total of 43 meetings so far. Except for the first meeting, Taiwan has sent its delegates to attend the other meetings. As the contact person for Taiwan’s APEC TPT-WG, the Institute works hard to strive for the budget from Ministry of Foreign Affairs and recommends representatives to attend APEC TPT-WG meetings and related panel meetings, as the Institute has participated in the extensive cooperation in the APEC transportation area for many years. So far, Taiwan has organized two TPT-WG meetings (TPT-WG12 in September 1997) and (TPT-WG29 in July 2007). Meanwhile, the Institute will organize TPT-WG44 in April 2017. Now, the Institute is preparing for such meetings pro-actively. The TPT-WG highlights attended by the Institute include: responsible for management, exchange of data and update of the TPT-WG website (May 2000~May 2006), organizing 2nd meeting of the urban transportation forum in 1997, workshop for establishment of the GPS in 2001, 5th meeting for the GPS establishment group (GIT/5) in 2003 and the last mile of the supply chain “3rd Party Logistics Forum and Visit Plan, leading the completion of the three phases of “Survey of Countermeasures for Improving Road Transportation Safety in the APEC Region” and “Road Safety Improvement Plan”, sending its personnel to act as the chairperson of Road Safety Experts Group (LEG-SAF), and sending its personnel to act as the chairperson of GIT. The Institute completely demonstrates and exerts Taiwan’s contribution to APEC and value of the participation in the international organization to Taiwan’s transportation area.
Complete the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Master Plan 1993 Given the rapid aviation technology development and drastic change of political and economic environment, the airport passenger throughput growth rate is expected to be higher than the forecast value. To develop Chiang Kai-shek International Airport (now known as Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport) as an international airport freight forwarding center, the Institute completed the “report on amendments to and planning of Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Master Plan” in May 1993 to propose the conditions for developing the Airport as the international airport freight forwarding center and plan the international airport passenger and freight transportation needs under different scenarios, facility capacity satisfying needs and land utilization around the Airport, strengthen the functions helping Chiang Kai-shek International Airport develop as an international airport freight forwarding center and upgrade the aviation safety and utilization of the airport and vacant areas. The research results served to be the reference for promotion of the airport construction plan and also the important reference for the “Chiang Kai-shek International Airport Overall Planning and 1st-Phase Development Plan” (namely 2nd amendments to the master plan) completed by Civil Aeronautics Administration in 1990.
Complete the “12 East-West Expressway Construction Projects in the Western Corridor” and “Western Coast Expressway Planning” April 1991 In order to connect the National Highway No. 1, National Highway No. 2 and Western Coast Expressway to form a rapid expressway network, per MOTC’s instruction, the Institute established the “Review and Coordination Group” in 1991, and Executive Yuan approved the “Western Coast Expressway Planning” and “East-West Expressway Construction Projects in the Western Corridor” in 1991 and 1992, respectively. In order to accelerate the engineering integration and promotion, MOTC continued to instruct the Institute to establish the “Review and Coordination Group for East-West Expressway and Western Coast Expressway Construction Projects” in December 1993 to review and coordinate the planning, construction and budget of the Projects, and a total of 119 meetings have been held therefor. Until the end of 2016, the part of the 12 East-West Expressways (including branch lines) open to traffic has been more than 398KM and the driving hours were shortened by more than 20 minutes therefor. The traffic flow accessing the service per day attained 411,607 vehicles.

Complete the “Study on Feasibility of High Speed Rail in the Western Corridor”

March 1990 In order to improve the transportation service level in the Western Corridor and achieve the one-day living circle target, per Executive Yuan’s instruction, MOTC had the Institute complete the planning of high speed rail in the Western Corridor in April 1987. The Institute established the promotion group successively and completed the “Study on Feasibility of High Speed Rail in the Western Corridor” in March 1990 and also officially established the high speed rail engineering provisional office in July 1990. Then, the promotion group members, together with the group’s operations, were transferred to said Office to continue promoting the operations. The Taiwan High Speed Rail was opened to traffic and operated officially in January 2005. Until 2016, the road network length has been extended for 349.5km and shared about 13.2% of the inter-city public transportation travels in the Western Corridor (about 150,000 passengers) punctually per day.
Complete the “Study on Utility and Promotional Strategies of Motorcycle Helmets” June 1989 In order to reduce the casualties caused by head injury suffered by motorcycle riders without wearing helmets and to promote the “motorcycle helmet use” according to the road safety laws and regulations, the Institute completed the “Study on Utility and Promotional Strategies of Motorcycle Helmets” in June 1990, researched and enacted the promotional strategies and implementation rules and had the National Road Safety Committee, the MOTC managed the implementation and propagation of the same by various counties/cities, police stations and the industry. Upon legislation and approval of the laws and regulations, the motorcycle helmet use has been compulsorily required since June 1, 1997. The wearing rate increased from 30% in 1990 to 98% in 2016 and the personal protection for motorcycle riders was upgraded accordingly.
Complete the “Study on Feasibility of Nankang-Ilan Expressway” April 1988 In order to upgrade the economy in the district of Ilan and fulfill the rapid traffic development from Taipei to Ilan, MOTC instructed the Institute to complete the “Study on Feasibility of Nankang-Ilan Expressway” in April 1988. Then, the Institute established the promotional group. In 1990, Nankang-Ilan Expressway Provisional Office proceeded to select the routes. After Taiwan Area National Expressway Engineering Bureau was established upon approval in April 1990, the Bureau completed the lead-time planning operations and the routes extended about 54KM. In June 2006, the Chiang Wei-shui Memorial Freeway (National Freeway No. 5) was open to traffic in whole. Until 2015, the Freeway shared about 91% of the inter-city public transportation travels in the corridor between Taiwan and Ilan (about 28,000 passengers for national freeway bus passengers and minibus passengers) per day.
Complete the “Study on Feasibility of Study on Taxi Operation with Radio Communication” November 1987 In order to reduce the invalid mileage and environmental protection issues caused by solicitation for customers by empty taxis circularly, the Institute completed the “Study on Feasibility of Study on Taxi Operation with Radio Communications” in 1987, and then proceeded with the experimental “Taxi Operations with Radio Communications.” As a result, it was found that the tax operation with radio communication could help upgrade the tax service level and operating performance. The experiment was successful in the Taipei Metropolitan Area. Therefore, Taipei becomes an important base for the installation of the radio station exclusive for taxi in the future.
Plan and complete the “MRT System Plan in the Taipei Metropolitan Area” November 1983 In consideration of the increasing demand for commuting in the Taipei Metropolitan Area, Executive Yuan instructed MOTC in 1975 to have Transportation Planning Board (now known as the Institute) plan the MRT system. In 1999, it proposed the “Report on Preliminary Recommended Road Network Planning of MRT System in the Taipei Metropolitan Area”. Then, it established the promotional group and Executive Yuan approved the preliminary road network extending for 70.3KM in April 1986. In February 1987, the promotional group members, together with its operations, were transferred to the Department of Rapid Transit Systems, Taipei City Government. In March 1996, the medium capacity Muzha Line was officially open to traffic in the middle of March 1996. Until the end of 2016, the road network has extended for 115.6KM. The daily capacity attained 2,020,000 passengers and shared one-sixth of the commuting travels in the Metropolitan Area per day.

 

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