- White Book
- Comprehensive Planning of the Rail Transportation System
Comprehensive Planning of the Rail Transportation System
One of the principal policies for Taiwan’s transportation agencies to mitigate intercity and urban traffic congestion and increase usage of public transit is the growth of the railway system. Due to common problems such as long planning and construction periods, restrictive budgets, and unsustainable operations, local railway development has been slow.
By reviewing the literature of rail transportation policies in various countries and analyzing domestic land use and rail development trends, this study makes the following recommendations for Taiwan’s railway system: (1) facilitate a trans-island loop and intercity transportation, (2) connect the nation’s major cities, and (3) provide flawless trunk line services in metropolitan areas.
These visions reflect the core values necessary to satisfy travelers’ expectations, guide transit-oriented land use and development and efficiently manage transportation resources. With said visions and core values completely implemented, the railway system in Taiwan may be able to achieve the following goals: (1) becoming travelers’ first choice in transportation by providing superior services, (2) providing the foundation for flawless transportation through an integrated transit network, (3) developing primarily along rail corridors through a tight connection with urban and rural activities, and (4) developing a sustainable system by inheriting and innovating rail culture.
For these purposes, this study performs a comprehensive assessment of the current rail practices and the most recent plans for future development, as well as an analysis of general constraints in Taiwan. This study also blueprints a complete rail framework and establishes key policies with 20 initiatives that guide rail transportation to do the following: (1) provide safe, reliable and efficient rail services, (2) develop organized and flawless rail transportation systems, (3) enhance intercity rail services, (4) improve urban rail framework, (5) embrace green transport, and (6) complete institutional infrastructure.